[16] When Haider Ali seized control of the Kingdom of Mysore, the administration of Bangalore passed into his hands. The unplanned nature of growth in the city resulted in massive traffic gridlocks that the municipality attempted to ease by constructing a flyover system and by imposing one-way traffic systems. It has 9 municipal corporations, 20 hoblies and 588 villages. 8005 sq.km (University, 2009). It was captured by the British East India Company after victory in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War (1799), who returned administrative control of the city to the Maharaja of Mysore. Coins of the Roman emperors Augustus, Tiberius, and Claudius found at Yeswanthpur and HAL indicate that the region was involved in trans-oceanic trade with the Romans and other civilisations in 27 BCE. By the 1980s, it was clear that urbanisation had spilled over the current boundaries, and in 1986, the Bangalore Metropolitan Region Development Authority, was established to co-ordinate the development of the entire region as a single unit. [39], Modern Bangalore was begun in 1537 by a vassal of the Vijayanagara Empire, Kempe Gowda I, who aligned with the Vijayanagara empire to campaign against Gangaraja (whom he defeated and expelled to Kanchi), and who built a mud-brick fort for the people at the site that would become the central part of modern Bangalore. [162] While commuters can buy tickets on boarding these buses, BMTC also provides an option of a bus pass to frequent users. Bangalore urban is surrounded by many other well-developed localities like Mavalli, Sudhama Nagar, Wilson Garden, Shanti Nagar, and Langford Gardens. Species richness is high in parks and residential areas. Jayanagar, hub of south Bangalore is one of the first planned neighborhoods in the year 1948 in Bangalore and is considered as the largest in Asia. Some famous private medical colleges include St. John's Medical College (SJMC), M. S. Ramaiah Medical College(MSRMC), Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre (VIMS), etc. In 1687, the Mughal general Kasim Khan, under orders from Aurangzeb, defeated Ekoji I, son of Shāhji, and sold Bangalore to Chikkadevaraja Wodeyar (1673–1704), the then ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore for three lakh rupees. Kempe Gowda I's successor, Kempe Gowda II, built four towers that marked Bangalore's boundary. Road, Brigade Road, and other locations. Bangalore lies in the southeast of the South Indian state of Karnataka. [34], In 1117, the Hoysala king Vishnuvardhana defeated the Cholas in the Battle of Talakad in south Karnataka, and extended its rule over the region. However the Telugu Speaking Morasu Vokkaligas are the native people of Bangalore[dubious – discuss][96] Telugu-speaking people initially came to Bangalore on invitation by the Mysore royalty (a few of them have lineage dating back to Krishnadevaraya). [189] Yakshagana, a theatre art indigenous to coastal Karnataka is often played in town halls. Get Pin Code (Zip Code) of Bangalore Rural, district of Karnataka. [25] The government of Karnataka accepted the proposal, and it was decided to officially implement the name change from 1 November 2006. Some of the KSRTC buses to Tamil Nadu, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh ply from Shantinagar Bus Station, Satellite Bus Station at Mysore Road and Baiyappanahalli satellite bus station. Bangalore is home to Bengaluru Beast,[240] 2017 vice champion of India's top professional basketball division, the UBA Pro Basketball League. [31], The region of modern-day Bangalore was part of several successive South Indian kingdoms. The study area, Bangalore Metropolitan Region (BMR) which falls in the Southern Karnataka region, covers an area of approx. See Bangalore Urban from a different angle. ", "The Digital South Asia Library-Imperial gazetteer of India", "5: Bangalore: mud fort to sprawling metropolis", Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, "8: Public domain—contested spaces and lack of imageability", "Malleswaram, Basavanagudi, the new extensions", Karnataka State Gazetteer: Bangalore District, "Bangalore torpedo gave them their D-Day, 69 years ago", "Death Toll Raised to 66 in Fire at Circus in India", "Governance, economic settings and poverty in Bangalore", "District census handbook- Bangalore rural", "The Rediff interview. The fathers of the Paris Foreign Missions established the St. Joseph's European School in 1858. Numerous state-owned aerospace and defence organisations, are located in the city. Functional areas. [47] Throughout the 19th century, the Cantonment gradually expanded and acquired a distinct cultural and political salience as it was governed directly by the British and was known as the Civil and Military Station of Bangalore. Maphill is a collection of map images. [19][20], An apocryphal story recounts that the twelfth century Hoysala king Veera Ballala II, while on a hunting expedition, lost his way in the forest. Taxis, commonly called City Taxis, are usually available, too, but they are only available on call or by online services. [86]—a relatively low proportion when compared to other cities in the developing world such as Mumbai (50%) and Nairobi (60%). Bangalore is a hub for biotechnology related industry in India and in the year 2005, around 47% of the 265 biotechnology companies in India were located here; including Biocon, India's largest biotechnology company.[149][150]. The Bangalore Urban district has 17 hoblies, 668 villages and 9 municipal corporations. The Government of Karnataka later constituted the Bangalore Development Authority in 1976 to co-ordinate the activities of these two bodies. The gallery has been organised by the Indian Institute of Cartoonists based in Bangalore that serves to promote and preserve the work of eminent cartoonists in India. [15] In 1537 CE, Kempé Gowdā – a feudal ruler under the Vijayanagara Empire – established a mud fort considered to be the foundation of modern Bengaluru and its oldest areas, or petes, which exist to the present day. This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. The larger trees are in older establishments of institutions, offices, commercial areas and parks. Bangalore urban forest is still young with most of the trees (70%), having <15 cm in DBH. The heaviest rainfall recorded in a 24-hour period is 179 millimetres (7 in) recorded on 1 October 1997. [83], According to the 2011[update] census of India, 78.9% of Bangalore's population is Hindu, a little less than the national average. [46], In the 19th century, Bangalore essentially became a twin city, with the "pētē", whose residents were predominantly Kannadigas and the cantonment created by the British. km to 2185 sq.km within a span of ten years (2006 to 2016). [164] The Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation operates 6,918 buses on 6,352 schedules, connecting Bangalore with other parts of Karnataka as well as other neighbouring states. India Finance", "50th Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India (July 2012 to June 2013)", "It is official: Bangalore becomes Bengaluru", "Karnataka (India): Districts, Cities, Towns and Outgrowth Wards – Population Statistics in Maps and Charts", "1000-year old inscription stone bears earliest reference to Bengaluru | Bengaluru News - Times of India", http://library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/document.php?id=cqresrre2018100500, "Inscription reveals Bengaluru is over 1,000 years old", "Many miles to go from Bangalore to Bengalūru", "From today, Bangalore becomes Bengalooru", "Bangalore, Mysore, Other Karnataka Cities to be Renamed on 1 November", "Centre nod for Karnataka's proposal on renaming cities", "Bangalore had human habitation in 4000 B.C. [43] Following Tipu's death in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War (1799), the British returned administrative control of the Bangalore "pētē" to the Maharaja of Mysore and was incorporated into the Princely State of Mysore, which existed as a nominally sovereign entity of the British Raj. Urban Local Bodies: 6. Kempe Gowda was restricted by rules made by Achuta Deva Raya, who feared the potential power of Kempe Gowda and did not allow a formidable stone fort. [93][94][95] Already in the 16th century, Bangalore had few speakers of Tamil and Telugu, who spoke Kannada to carry out low profile jobs. [34][35] Around 1004, during the reign of Raja Raja Chola I, the Cholas defeated the Western Gangas under the command of the crown prince Rajendra Chola I, and captured Bangalore. [53], Bangalore's reputation as the "Garden City of India" began in 1927 with the Silver Jubilee celebrations of the rule of Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV. [72][73] Winter temperatures rarely drop below 14 °C (57 °F), and summer temperatures seldom exceed 36 °C (97 °F). [1] Indian technological organisations are headquartered in the city. Upon completing the required coursework, students enroll in general or professional degrees in universities through lateral entry.[204][205]. [98] Bangalorean Christians are principally migrants of Roman Catholic and Protestant traditions, constituted by Tamil Christians, Mangalorean Christians, Kannadiga Christians, Malayali Syrian Christians and Northeast Indian Christians. As capital of the state of Karnataka, Bangalore houses important state government facilities such as the Karnataka High Court, the Vidhana Soudha (the home of the Karnataka state legislature) and Raj Bhavan (the residence of the governor of Karnataka). The migrant communities are Maharashtrians, Punjabis, Rajasthanis, Gujaratis, Tamilians, Telugus, Malayalis, Odias, Sindhis, and Bengalis. [85] Roughly 10% of Bangalore's population lives in slums. The Central College of Bangalore is the oldest college in the city, it was established in the year 1858. A demographically diverse city, Bangalore is the second fastest-growing major metropolis in India. [41], The Bangalore fort was captured by the British armies under Lord Cornwallis on 21 March 1791 during the Third Anglo-Mysore War and formed a centre for British resistance against Tipu Sultan. Bangalore Urban has four taluks —Bangalore North, Bangalore East, Bangalore South and Anekal. [184] Bangalore also has a very active and vibrant theatre culture with popular theatres being Ravindra Kalakshetra[185] and the more recently opened Ranga Shankara[186] The city has a vibrant English and foreign language theatre scene with places like Ranga Shankara and Chowdiah Memorial Hall leading the way in hosting performances leading to the establishment of the Amateur film industry. Area: 2190 square kilometers Density of population: 4378 people per square kilometer Literacy Rate: 88.48 % - Male: 91.82 %, Female: 84.80 % Male Female Ratio: 1000:908 Boundaries of Bangalore Urban District . ", "Exploring Bangalore, a mouse click away", "Bangalore Amateur Radio Club | Fifty Golden Years 1959–2009", "Consolidated list of channels allowed to be carried by Cable operators/Multi system operators/DTH licensees in India", "Bangalore Cluster: Evolution, Growth and Challengers", "A short recap on Internet developments in India", "Free wifi on M.G. A spatial map of ISA was generated using normalized spectral mixture analysis (NSMA) showing a standard error of 9.25%. The university has two campuses within Bangalore – Jnanabharathi and Central College. km. Bangalore /bæŋɡəˈlɔːr/, officially known as Bengaluru[12] ([ˈbeŋɡəɭuːɾu] (listen)), is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. With this exponential rate of urban growth, the city is experiencing a shift in its micro- climatic condition. The Government of Karnataka has carved out the new district of Ramanagara from the old Bangalore Rural district. Some of the other notable players from the city who have represented India include Gundappa Vishwanath, Syed Kirmani, E. A. S. Prasanna, B. S. Chandrasekhar, Roger Binny, Venkatesh Prasad, Sunil Joshi, Robin Uthappa, Vinay Kumar, KL Rahul, Karun Nair, Brijesh Patel and Stuart Binny. Hasan, Fazlul. [112], The Bangalore City Police (BCP) has seven geographic zones, includes the Traffic Police, the City Armed Reserve, the Central Crime Branch and the City Crime Record Bureau and runs 86 police stations, including two all-women police stations. The main bus depots that KSRTC maintains are the Kempegowda Bus Station, locally known as "Majestic bus stand", where most of the out station buses ply from. 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